88-Inch Cyclotron Contributions to Space Exploration

Space missions and vehicles with electronic parts, materials, or recovered samples tested at the 88-Inch Cyclotron:

Apollo 17 (Lunar soil sample return)

Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO)

Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

Solar Probe Plus

Genesis (Solar Wind Sample Return)

Geospace Dynamics Constellation

Messenger (Mercury)

Pioneer Venus

Van Allen Probes

IMAGE/Explorer 78



Global Positioning System (GPS)

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)

Lunar Flashlight

Mars Pathfinder

Mars Polar Lander

Mars Climate Orbiter

Mars Exploration Rover (MER) / Spirit & Opportunity Rovers

Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) / Curiosity Rover

Mars Atmosphere & Volatile Evolution (MAVEN)

Mars Odyssey

Phoenix (Mars)


InSight (Mars) Lander

Mars 2020

Dawn (Asteroid Belt)


Galileo (Jupiter)

Juno (Jupiter)

Europa Clipper

Cassini-Huygens (Saturn)

Voyager (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune)

New Horizons (Pluto)

Stardust (Comet Sample Return)

Deep Space 1 (Comet & Asteroid Flyby)

Atlas Launch Vehicles

Delta launch Vehicles

Space Shuttle

Restore-L (Robotic Servicing Mission)

Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle

Space Launch System (SLS)

International Space Station (ISS)

James Webb Space Telescope

Spitzer Infrared Telescope Facility

Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission

Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope


Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) Spacesuit

Space organizations that have used the 88-Inch Cyclotron:

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Ames Research Center (ARC)

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)

Johnson Space Center (JSC)

Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)

European Space Agency (ESA)

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

*For more information on the early years of radiation effects testing, please see "The Single Event Revolution" by Petersen, Koga, Shoga, Pickel, & Price (IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 60, No.3, June 2013)